by Stephen Bailey
Academic writing is the type of writing found in academic books and journal articles, and which students are expected to adopt for their essays and dissertations. The style can vary from one subject area to another, but in general it aims to be objective, impersonal, accurate and quite formal. (See Academic Writing p.76 for a full discussion). The best introduction is to read journal articles in the students’ own subjects, but this may be too challenging in the early stages.
For the student, it involves moving away from the informal style they may have used for letters to the use of special vocabulary and phrases, as well as the adoption of a recognised layout format and the use of academic conventions in referencing.